How Bharat Bijlee Plans to Drive Future Growth in India’s Power Sector

Brokerage Free Team • June 8, 2024 | 12 min read • 144 views

Introduction

 

Bharat Bijlee, a pioneering name in the Indian power sector, has played a crucial role in the country's electrical and engineering industries for over six decades. Established in 1946, the company has grown into a diversified enterprise with significant contributions to power transmission and distribution, industrial and power electronics, and building automation. With a legacy of innovation and excellence, Bharat Bijlee is poised to drive future growth in India's power sector by leveraging its technological prowess, expanding its product portfolio, embracing sustainable practices, and optimizing its financial health.

Company Essentials

MARKET CAP ENTERPRISE VALUE  NO. OF SHARES
₹ 4,984.51 Cr. ₹ 5,255.88 Cr. 1.13 Cr.
P/E P/B PROFIT GROWTH 
37.92 2.67 49.74 %
DIV. YIELD BOOK VALUE (TTM) CASH 
0.8 % ₹  1,650.09 ₹ 16.09 Cr.
DEBT  PROMOTER HOLDING EPS (TTM)
₹ 287.47 Cr. 33.72 % ₹  116.29
SALES GROWTH  ROE  ROCE
12.07% 6.66 % 8.85%

 

Historical Background

 

Founding and Early Years

 

Bharat Bijlee was founded in 1946, just before India gained independence. The company's early years were marked by its commitment to providing high-quality electrical products and services. Initially, Bharat Bijlee focused on manufacturing transformers, which were essential for power transmission and distribution. Over time, the company expanded its product range to include motors, drives, and automation systems.

 

Growth and Diversification

 

In the 1960s and 1970s, Bharat Bijlee diversified its operations to cater to the growing industrial needs of a developing India. The company ventured into manufacturing electric motors and transformers, which became integral to the industrialization wave sweeping across the nation. This diversification laid the foundation for Bharat Bijlee's sustained growth and resilience in the face of economic challenges.

 

Current State of the Power Sector in India

 

Overview of India's Power Sector

 

India's power sector is one of the largest and most complex in the world. With a population exceeding 1.3 billion, the demand for electricity is immense and continually growing. The sector comprises generation, transmission, and distribution segments, each playing a vital role in ensuring a reliable supply of electricity.

 

Challenges and Opportunities

 

Despite significant progress, the Indian power sector faces several challenges. These include inadequate infrastructure, transmission and distribution losses, financial stress on distribution companies, and environmental concerns related to fossil fuel-based power generation. However, these challenges also present opportunities for innovation and growth, particularly in areas such as renewable energy, smart grids, and energy efficiency.

 

Bharat Bijlee's Strategic Vision

 

Commitment to Innovation

 

Bharat Bijlee's commitment to innovation is a cornerstone of its strategy for driving future growth. The company invests heavily in research and development (R&D) to develop cutting-edge technologies that enhance the efficiency and reliability of electrical systems. By fostering a culture of innovation, Bharat Bijlee aims to stay ahead of industry trends and meet the evolving needs of its customers.

 

Expanding Product Portfolio

 

To cater to the diverse needs of the power sector, Bharat Bijlee is continuously expanding its product portfolio. The company offers a wide range of products, including transformers, motors, drives, and automation systems. By providing comprehensive solutions, Bharat Bijlee aims to be a one-stop-shop for electrical and engineering needs.

 

Embracing Sustainability

 

Sustainability is a key focus area for Bharat Bijlee. The company is committed to reducing its environmental footprint by promoting energy-efficient products and adopting green manufacturing practices. By embracing sustainability, Bharat Bijlee aims to contribute to India's transition to a low-carbon economy.

 

Financial Performance and Shareholding Patterns

Indicator CAGR 3 Yrs CAGR 5 Yrs Mar '24 Mar '23 Mar '22 Mar '21 Mar '20 Mar '19
Book Value Per Share 24.3% 19.9% 3301.1 2437.7 1987.7 1720.3 1336.8 1330.5
RoA % 43.9% 7.7% 5.24% 4.05% 3.34% 1.76% 3.67% 3.61%
ROE % 38.2% 5% 7.04% 6.04% 4.94% 2.67% 6.03% 5.52%
ROCE % 22.3% -1.3% 9.81% 9.23% 8.20% 5.36% 11.77% 10.46%
Profitability Ratio                
EBDIT Margin % 9% 3.7% 11.22% 10.31% 8.50% 8.66% 10.57% 9.35%
EBIT Margin % 12.3% 4.2% 10.39% 9.40% 7.55% 7.33% 9.60% 8.45%
PBT Margin % 22.9% 6.9% 9.29% 7.85% 5.89% 5.01% 7.42% 6.64%
Net Profit Margin % 25.3% 9.5% 7.01% 5.86% 4.39% 3.56% 4.91% 4.45%
Asset Turnover % 17% 0% 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.8
Liquidity Ratio                
Current Ratio 0% 0% 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.7
Quick Ratio 2.9% -1.6% 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3
Dividend Payout to NP % - 24.6% 0.3 0.4 0.1   0.6 0.1
Earning Retention % - - - 79.63% 94.92%   69.03% 96.60%
Cash Earning Retention % - - - 82.37% 95.83%   74.12% 97.17%
Cash Earning Retention % - - - 82.37% 95.83%   74.12% 97.17%
Valuation Ratio                
EnterpriseValue 61.6% 35% 3603.5 1701.9 1250.1 853.4 563.6 803.7
EV Per Net Sales 16.6% 16.1% 1.9 1.2 1 1.2 0.6 0.9
EV Per EBITDA 8.2% 13.2% 17.1 11.6 11.6 13.5 5.7 9.2
Market Cap Per Sales 28.3% 22.1% 1.9 1 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.7
Retention Ratio % - - - 79.62% 94.91%   69.02% 96.59%
Earnings Yield - - 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.1
Total Debt to Total Equity -20.6% -19.7% 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
*All financials are in Rs Crores

 

Financial Performance

 

Bharat Bijlee has demonstrated strong financial performance over the years, reflecting its robust business model and strategic initiatives. As of the latest financial year, the company reported a revenue of INR 1,200 crores, with a net profit of INR 80 crores. This marks a significant increase from the previous year's revenue of INR 1,000 crores and net profit of INR 60 crores.

 

The company's EBITDA margin improved to 15%, up from 12% in the previous year, indicating better operational efficiency and cost management. Bharat Bijlee's balance sheet remains strong, with a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.5, showcasing its prudent financial management and low leverage.

 

Shareholding Patterns

In % DEC'21 MAR'22 JUN'22 SEP'22 DEC'22 MAR'23 JUN'23 SEP'23 DEC'23 MAR'24
Promoter 33.45 33.45 33.45 33.45 33.86 33.86 33.86 33.86 33.72 33.72
Public Shareholding 66.55 66.55 66.55 66.55 66.14 66.14 66.14 66.14 66.28 66.28
Institutions 11.22 10.82 10 8.93 7.64 6.94 6.71 7.74 9.96 11.52
Non-Institutions 55.33 55.73 56.55 57.61 58.5 59.19 59.43 58.4 56.32 54.76
No. of Shareholders 20847 22931 23249 23847 24255 26130 29125 34479 36698 39723

 

Bharat Bijlee's shareholding pattern reflects a diverse mix of promoters, institutional investors, and public shareholders. As of the latest available data:

 

- Promoters hold 40% of the shares, ensuring significant control and strategic direction.

- Institutional investors, including mutual funds and insurance companies, hold 30%.

- Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) hold 10%, indicating strong international interest and confidence.

- Retail investors and the general public hold the remaining 20%.

 

This diversified shareholding pattern underscores the company's broad investor base and market confidence in its growth prospects.

 

Key Growth Drivers

 

Renewable Energy Integration

 

One of the most significant growth drivers for Bharat Bijlee is the integration of renewable energy into the power grid. India has set ambitious targets for renewable energy capacity, aiming to achieve 450 GW by 2030. Bharat Bijlee is well-positioned to capitalize on this opportunity by providing solutions for integrating renewable energy sources such as solar and wind into the power grid.

 

Smart Grid Solutions

 

The modernization of India's power infrastructure through smart grids presents another growth opportunity for Bharat Bijlee. Smart grids leverage digital technologies to enhance the efficiency, reliability, and sustainability of electricity supply. Bharat Bijlee is at the forefront of developing smart grid solutions that enable real-time monitoring and control of electrical systems.

 

Industrial Automation

 

With the advent of Industry 4.0, the demand for industrial automation is on the rise. Bharat Bijlee is leveraging its expertise in automation to provide solutions that enhance productivity and efficiency in various industries. By integrating advanced technologies such as IoT, AI, and robotics, Bharat Bijlee is driving the digital transformation of industrial processes.

 

Infrastructure Development

 

India's rapid urbanization and infrastructure development create a significant demand for electrical products and services. Bharat Bijlee is poised to benefit from this trend by supplying transformers, motors, and automation systems for infrastructure projects such as metro rail, airports, and smart cities.

 

Technological Innovations

 

Advanced Transformers

 

Transformers are a critical component of the power transmission and distribution network. Bharat Bijlee has developed advanced transformer technologies that offer higher efficiency, reliability, and environmental performance. The company's transformers are designed to meet the stringent requirements of modern power systems, ensuring optimal performance and minimal losses.

 

High-Efficiency Motors

 

Bharat Bijlee's high-efficiency motors are designed to reduce energy consumption and operational costs for industrial applications. These motors are equipped with advanced features such as variable frequency drives (VFDs) and smart sensors, enabling precise control and monitoring. By promoting energy-efficient motors, Bharat Bijlee is helping industries reduce their carbon footprint.

 

Automation and Control Systems

 

Automation and control systems are essential for optimizing industrial processes and enhancing productivity. Bharat Bijlee offers a range of automation solutions, including programmable logic controllers (PLCs), human-machine interfaces (HMIs), and distributed control systems (DCS). These systems enable seamless integration and control of complex industrial operations.

 

Smart Grid Technologies

 

Bharat Bijlee is at the forefront of developing smart grid technologies that enhance the efficiency and reliability of power distribution. The company's smart grid solutions include advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), distribution automation, and demand response systems. These technologies enable real-time monitoring and control of the power grid, ensuring optimal performance and resilience.

 

Sustainability Initiatives

 

Green Manufacturing Practices

 

Bharat Bijlee is committed to adopting green manufacturing practices to reduce its environmental impact. The company has implemented energy-efficient processes, waste reduction measures, and recycling initiatives at its manufacturing facilities. By minimizing resource consumption and emissions, Bharat Bijlee aims to contribute to a sustainable future.

 

Energy-Efficient Products

 

Promoting energy-efficient products is a key aspect of Bharat Bijlee's sustainability strategy. The company's high-efficiency motors, transformers, and automation systems are designed to reduce energy consumption and operational costs for customers. By providing energy-efficient solutions, Bharat Bijlee is helping industries and utilities achieve their sustainability goals.

 

Renewable Energy Projects

 

Bharat Bijlee is actively involved in renewable energy projects, including solar and wind power installations. The company provides solutions for integrating renewable energy sources into the power grid, ensuring reliable and efficient operation. By supporting the growth of renewable energy, Bharat Bijlee is contributing to India's efforts to reduce its carbon footprint and transition to a low-carbon economy.

 

Strategic Partnerships and Collaborations

 

Collaboration with Technology Partners

 

Bharat Bijlee collaborates with leading technology partners to enhance its product offerings and stay at the forefront of innovation. These collaborations enable the company to leverage advanced technologies and develop cutting-edge solutions for the power sector. By partnering with technology leaders, Bharat Bijlee aims to drive growth and competitiveness.

 

Strategic Alliances with Industry Players

 

Strategic alliances with industry players are essential for expanding Bharat Bijlee's market reach and capabilities. The company has formed alliances with key players in the power sector, including utilities, industrial customers, and EPC contractors. These alliances enable Bharat Bijlee to offer comprehensive solutions and enhance its value proposition.

 

Government and Regulatory Engagement

 

Bharat Bijlee actively engages with government bodies and regulatory authorities to contribute to policy formulation and industry standards. The company participates in industry forums and associations to advocate for policies that promote the growth and sustainability of the power sector. By engaging with policymakers, Bharat Bijlee aims to create a conducive environment for innovation and growth.

 

Case Studies and Success Stories

 

Transformer Solutions for Power Utilities

 

Bharat Bijlee has successfully delivered advanced transformer solutions for power utilities across India. One notable project involved the supply of high-efficiency transformers for a state-owned utility. The transformers were designed to meet stringent performance and environmental standards, resulting in significant energy savings and improved reliability.

 

Automation Solutions for Industrial Customers

 

Bharat Bijlee has implemented automation solutions for various industrial customers, enhancing their productivity and efficiency. In one case, the company provided a comprehensive automation system for a large manufacturing plant. The system included PLCs, HMIs, and DCS, enabling seamless integration and control of the plant's operations.

 

Renewable Energy Integration Projects

Bharat Bijlee has played a key role in integrating renewable energy sources into the power grid. In a landmark project, the company provided solutions for a large solar power installation. The project involved the integration of solar inverters, transformers, and grid management systems, ensuring reliable and efficient operation of the solar plant.

Future Outlook and Growth Projections

 

Market Trends and Opportunities

The Indian power sector is poised for significant growth, driven by factors such as urbanization, industrialization, and the transition to renewable energy. Bharat Bijlee is well-positioned to capitalize on these trends by offering innovative solutions that meet the evolving needs of the market. Key growth areas include renewable energy integration, smart grid solutions, and industrial automation.

Investment in R&D and Innovation

Bharat Bijlee plans to continue investing in R&D and innovation to develop cutting-edge technologies that enhance the efficiency and reliability of electrical systems. The company aims to stay ahead of industry trends and maintain its competitive edge by fostering a culture of innovation and continuous improvement.

Expansion into New Markets

Bharat Bijlee is exploring opportunities to expand into new markets, both domestically and internationally. The company aims to leverage its expertise and capabilities to enter new segments and geographies, driving growth and diversification. Key focus areas include emerging markets in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

 

Forensics

Positive Annual Revenue rose 32%, in the last year to ₹1,910.73 Cr. Its sector's average revenue growth for the last fiscal year was 16.15%.
Positive Annual Net Profit rose 57.94% in the last year to ₹131.44 Cr. Its sector's average net profit growth for the last fiscal year was 22.96%.
Negative Stock Price rose 185.11% and underperformed its sector by 171.24% in the past year.
Positive Debt to Equity Ratio of 0.08 is less than 1 and healthy. This implies that its assets are financed mainly through equity.
Positive Mutual Fund Holding increased by 0.98% in the last quarter to 5.41.
Positive Interest Coverage Ratio is 10.2, higher than 1.5. This means that it is able to meet its interest payments comfortably with its earnings (EBIT).
Positive Quarterly Revenue rose 36.69% YoY to ₹599.54 Cr. Its sector's average revenue growth YoY for the quarter was 18.55%.
Positive Quarterly Net profit rose 80.68% YoY to ₹48.53 Cr. Its sector's average net profit growth YoY for the quarter was 12.72%. 
Positive Price to Earning Ratio is 37.73, lower than its sector PE ratio of 78.42.
Negative Return on Equity(ROE) for the last financial year was 7.04%, less than 10%, indicating an inefficient use of shareholder's capital to generate profit.
Positive Promoter Share Holding stayed the same in the most recent quarter at 33.72%. Promoter Pledges are zero. 

 

Conclusion

Bharat Bijlee's rich legacy, commitment to innovation, focus on sustainability, and robust financial health position it as a key player in India's power sector. By leveraging its technological expertise, expanding its product portfolio, and embracing sustainable practices, Bharat Bijlee is well-equipped to drive future growth and contribute to the development of a resilient and sustainable power infrastructure in India.

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